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Unformatted text preview: Week 4b Early Buddhism Buddhist Ethics-Buddhist: Provide a different view as oppose to the view that there is something real and permanent of whom we are Confusion on the premise: - Things that we can talk about meaningful continue indefinitely in truth- That is not how things are. That is rough/naive way to see things- Identify things as though they continue indefinitely relative to our interests. There is in reality nothing thereit is a combination of function+interest that allow us to recognize as something.- No thing there that answers to iphone.=interest +functionality - All the while it changes and degreades and stops working. - Connection between about how we should live and what is real. They criticize reality. We are supposed to live the good life not just sit backfigure out - Not nialist! - In Indian Philosophy in general, there is a very important connection between metaphysical theory, and ethical theory. Buddhist ethics is no different. According to Buddhists, they are not nihilists . A nihilist is someone who thinks that nothing matters, or that there is no right or wrong.- If they reject iternatlity of reality, then really they say nothing mattersNOT TRUEit doesnt follow that nothing matters from the first point of: nothing is enterally the way it is. -Unexamined assumption that for something to matter it has to last forever. When things matter it is part of changing world. -So no sense that if something matters it should be perment. Rather, it should be something that is useful or unuseful. We should look at all life: is it going to cause more trouble or minimize trouble. Adopt position: A moral A Moral Realist , in contrast, thinks that there are facts of the matter about what is right and wrong, good and bad, and these are independent of opinion.- believe that ther is reality to ethical subject matter. Fact of matter if what you do what you do is a right thing or wrongand it deals with consequences. It is part of causally regulated world. While the effect is not necessarly permment, it can still be helpful or unhelpful. Ex: drink battery acid: although body not permment, it will effect next organism to inherit my body. -Subjectively a bad thing. For that to be a good thing, I dont need to believe that it is forever. We believe that actions have a good or bad effect which is why we are not nialists. We believe that states of aaffairs from our actions can be good/badthis is doctorine of kamarawhen you do something it has a conseqnece for you anotherthat is a fact of reality. You drink battery acid, you will get hurt- The reason that there is right and wrong, good and bad, even though there are no selves, is that actions and thoughts can give rise to beneficial states of affairs, or evil states of affairs. In other words, Buddhists believe in karma ....
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2011 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor James during the Spring '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.
- Spring '11