Lecture_1_2011-1 - Lecture1:IsmsofIR 12January2011...

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Lecture 1 : Isms of IR? 12 January 2011
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Realism, Slide 1 Fundamental Characteristics  of the  International System Anarchy : absence of central authority Uncertainty : about others’ intentions Due to Anarchy, States have to defend  themselves, thus IR is a  Self-Help  system.
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Realism, Slide 2 • How do States help themselves?  They  Maximize Power . • But then State A’s efforts to Maximize  Power make the other states feel less  secure, so they Maximize their power, and  everyone feels increasingly less secure.   This is known as a  Security Dilemma .
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Realism, Slide 3: the Punchline Anarchy + Uncertainty   Self-Help Self-Help   Security Dilemmas Consequently, IR is fraught with conflict,  and international cooperation is unlikely.
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Founders of Realism Thucydides Author of the History of The Peloponnesian War Ask me about the Melian Dialogue Thomas Hobbes Author of The Leviathan First systematic thinker about Anarchy
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