anthro study 1 - Lecture 1 Theme: Family is social and...

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Lecture 1 •Theme: Family is social and political o Not private and biological Picture: depicts precariousness of marriage •Americans today o Tend to think of the family as private o And tend to think of the family as biological •Anthropology sees the family as an integral part of culture, economy, and politics, and as a cultural construction rather than a biological entity o also see it as social U.S. gay marriage debate- shows the interest of the state in regulating forms the family can take o families involved in wider social context marriages regulated by state o no only private families are not only chosen by individuals but also by societies •Family is political and social •arranged marriage- is one way many cultures regulate how families are formed •Society has an interest in future generations social reproduction: perpetuating society o doing culturally raising kids, educating them •Biological reproduction how are social and biological reproduction different? social reproduction o endogamy– means marriage within a group however that group is defined, could be a village, a lineage, a religion, or even class endogamy, “racial” endogamy, region class unspoken endogamy ensured by sending children to elite schools o Exogamy– means marrying outside the group, •How families are formed, constituted, and understood is a social matter •It is NOT given, obvious,or natural– though powerful naturalizing and biologizing discourses sometimes make it seem so naturalizing: product of nature biologizing: biological fact or result of biology family is not biological •Anthropology vs. Malthus o Anthropologists find that we humans are not subject to biological laws of reproduction so that population will grow accordingly to facts of nature o We regulate social institutions of society that affect families and populations and shape the conditions under which people produce and raise children o Different social, government and economic factors effect family size •Population Questions– are we/they growing too much or too little? o shows the connections between macro [large-scale] political and economic conditions and Our so-called “personal lives” and choices o e.g. the number of kids families have has an impact on society, for example, ”baby boomers” in U.S. affect the age distribution of the population, social security problems. .
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o China’s one child policy is an extreme example of state intervention •Malthus was wrong •Irony of Krause’s article is that authorities call for MORE births •But elitism and racism complicate the story, because while some new births are categorized as desirable, others are labeled as a problem •Population, immigration and “fortress Europe” Krause uses the term ‘fortress Europe’ o
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course ANTHRO BIO 2b taught by Professor Egan during the Spring '11 term at UC Irvine.

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anthro study 1 - Lecture 1 Theme: Family is social and...

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