2011-01-18 From Ideals to Canons (3)

From - From Ideals to Canons History 451 Prof November Medicine vs Magic vs Science Hippocrates diseases have natural causes Whats natural(Plato

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From Ideals to Canons January 18, 2011 History 451 Prof. November
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Medicine vs Magic vs Science Hippocrates: diseases have natural causes What’s “natural”? (Plato and Aristotle will have something to say about this!) Evidence comes from patient’s testimony and what healer senses. Debate over diagnosis vs. prognosis Diagnosis (distinguishing): classifying / identifying the cause of the disease Prognosis (forseeing): predicting the outcome of an illness. It’s more humble . Modern medicine favors diagnosis ; H. favored prognosis We tend to base prognosis on diagnosis. Our medical evidence comes mostly from what physician detects with senses and instruments.
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Hippocrates and Emergency Care Some medical problems (injuries) have obvious causes and need immediate treatment broken bones External bleeding Treating such conditions is not necessarily the work of physicians Hippocrates 1: humble, cautious, and vague when it came to diseases Hippocrates 2: aggressive, systematic, and specific when it came to treating known conditions Example: Hippocratic bench for traction
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How Healers Should Behave Hippocrates: Healers are professionals. Serious, rigorous, honest, reliable, protective of the profession and its members. Physicians should be adept observers and listeners When physician’s behavior affects patient well- being, that behavior should be regulated. Codified in Corpus , particularly Hippocratic Oath
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Asclepius Asclepius : Greek god of medicine and healing Trained by Chiron (a centaur) Daughters: Hygieia and Panacea Killed by Zeus for raising the dead (for profit!) Cult of Asclepius and the Hippocratic Oath
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Hippocratic Oath I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepius and Hygieia and Panaceia and all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will fulfill according to my ability and judgment this oath and this covenant: To hold him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents and to live my life in partnership with him, and if he is in need of money to give him a share of mine, and to regard his offspring as equal to my brothers in male lineage and to teach them this art—if they desire to learn it—without fee and
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course HIST 451 taught by Professor November during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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From - From Ideals to Canons History 451 Prof November Medicine vs Magic vs Science Hippocrates diseases have natural causes Whats natural(Plato

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