2011-01-25 -- Disease Drawing and Heretical Alchemy (1)

2011-01-25 -- Disease Drawing and Heretical Alchemy (1) -...

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Disease, Drawing, and “Heretical Alchemy” in Medieval and Renaissance Europe History 451 January 25, 2011 Prof. November
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Church and State Centers: Rome and Constantinople Byzantine form of government stifles development It preserves order Western part of Roman Empire totally fragments Compare: China, Arabic empires In East and West Europe, Church was a stabilizing force Church legitimized State State protected Church
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Estimated Total Population in Europe 1000 38 million 1100 48 million 1200 59 million 1300 70 million 1347 75 million 1352 50 million
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Miasma Miasma theory of disease Illness caused by bad air (lit. “pollution”) Miasmic conditions cause disease Swamps Unsanitary towns and cities Bad-smelling air is not just an indicator of disease It’s the cause! Dominant theory until 19 th century Basis of many sanitation reforms that worked
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The Medieval Hazmat Suit Premise 1: birds (crows) spread plague Beak-shaped mask designed to draw plague away
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course HIST 451 taught by Professor November during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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2011-01-25 -- Disease Drawing and Heretical Alchemy (1) -...

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