2011-02-10 -- Civil War Medicine (1)

2011-02-10 -- Civil War Medicine (1) - Civil War Medicine...

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Unformatted text preview: Civil War Medicine History 451 February 10, 2011 Prof. November Some Perspective • Civil War as “Industrial Warfare” – Unprecedented size and scope – New technologies: rifles, railroads, and canning U.S. Civil War Casualties (1861-1865) USA CSA Combat deaths (includes fatal wounds) 111,000 75,000 Other deaths (mostly disease) 250,000 125,000 Wounded 275,000 137,000 Society at a Crossroads • USA is urbanizing and industrializing – Process begins circa 1800 • Epidemics part of urbanization – Sanitation reform as response to epidemics – War mobilization is like urbanization – crowds • Few large-scale medical institutions – Applies to both training and care Science at a Crossroads • Enlightenment challenged by Romantic thinking – early 19 th Century • Use of analogy to study medicine – Model organisms – Search for underlying cause of many phenomena • US peripheral to this debate • US South as Enlightenment holdout Civil War and Medicine: Two Challenges • Disease – Why were casualties so severe?...
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course HIST 451 taught by Professor November during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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2011-02-10 -- Civil War Medicine (1) - Civil War Medicine...

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