2011-03-15 -- Antibiotics

2011-03-15 -- Antibiotics - Antibiotics...

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Antibiotics From “X-Principle” to Penicillin History 451 March 15, 2011 Prof. November
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Theme: Putting Knowledge to  Use Knowledge and technology alone do not heal Case of microscopes, germ theory, and  antibiotics: 1670s: (“first” optical microscope) 1870s: Pasteur proposes germ theory 1940s: potent anti-bacterial drugs Can progress be accelerated through funded  research and design?
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Useful Knowledge? (Circa  1930) Chemistry? Atomic weights and valences Physics? Relativity and quantum mechanics Genetics? Identification of chromosome as the location  of the gene
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Some Big Unknowns (~1930) Mechanism of Gene Search for underlying basis of eugenics Phenotypes are unreliable How to distinguish living from non-living  things Studies of bacteria and viruses (and how to kill  them) Proof of Evolution Debate over natural selection
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Eugenics’ Cousins Sponsors of eugenics also support basic life  sciences research Rockefeller Foundation Many universities 1920s and 1930s see growing investment in medical  research in university systems Federal, State, Local governments To a much smaller degree, but this begins to grow!
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course HIST 451 taught by Professor November during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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2011-03-15 -- Antibiotics - Antibiotics...

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