2011-03-24 -- World War II and Medicine

2011-03-24 -- World War II and Medicine - The Medical...

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The Medical Legacies of World War II History 451 March 24, 2011 Prof. November
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Nazi Eugenics: The Broad Context Nazi eugenics programs initially modeled after efforts in the US 1930s: Eugenics becomes popular in Germany as Americans turn away from it US attitudes towards government in wake of the Great Depression Three competing models of society: Liberal Democracy (US, UK, France) Fascism (Italy, Germany), Communism (USSR)
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TH Morgan on Eugenics “[T]he complexity of the genetic composition of man makes it somewhat hazardous to apply only the simpler rules of Mendelian inheritance; for, the development of many inherited characters depends both on the presence of modifying factors and on the external environment for their expression. TH Morgan, 1933, Nobel Prize speech
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The person who attempts to fight the iron logic of nature thereby fights the principles he must thank for his life as a human being. To fight against nature is to bring about one's own destruction. Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf (1924) , 314.
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Nazi Ideology Na tionalso zi alistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei = National Socialist German Workers’ Party Corporatism (aka Fascism) Single-party authoritarian state in which individuals serve the greater interests of society Science is a major component of governing such a society Racial supremacy Purpose of Nazi society is to perpetuate the Herrenvolk (Master race)
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Nazis and Science Hitler inspired by US eugenics movements of the 1910s and 1920s Lifts definition of “Nordic race” directly from Madison Grant’s Passing of the Great Race (1916) Hitler records his ideas in Mein Kampf (1924) Belief that racial hygiene leads to good science and that good science leads to racial hygiene Johannes Stark and Phillip Lenard’s activism and attacks on “Jewish Science”
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Nazi Seizure of Power NSDAP takes power in 1933 Conventional wisdom held that Germany would not tolerate Hitler for long Nuremburg Laws of 1935 “The Laws for the Protection of German Blood and German
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course HIST 451 taught by Professor November during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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2011-03-24 -- World War II and Medicine - The Medical...

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