poli201_lec2(constructing a govt)

poli201_lec2(constructing a govt) - POLI 201 / Chapter 2...

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POLI 201 / Chapter 2 Professor Finocchiaro 1 CHAPTER 2 Constructing a Government: The Founding and the Constitution POLI 201: American National Government Political Interests and Political Ideas: A Reciprocal Relationship “Where you stand depends on where you sit.” Or, People tend to construct ideas and ideologies around their individual interests. IDEAS, INTERESTS, AND THE SECOND PRINCIPLE OF POLITICS Cooperation through collective bargaining is difficult and the difficulty mounts as the number of people grows. 1. Ideas allow for the recognition and communication of common interests. 2. Institutions can be formed around common ideas to ameliorate collective action problems.
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POLI 201 / Chapter 2 Professor Finocchiaro 2 The absence of strong institutions to express common interests and overcome collective action problems can allow and even promote increased conflict. Organizing for Collective Action: The American Revolution Whereas views of the American revolution often exaggerate the unity of Americans, different interests in colonial society had different ideas and views about independence from the British. Revolutionary Tory Neutral Uncommitted 33% 33% 33% Colonists were deeply divided on the question of Independence. A good rule of thumb is that one-third were revolutionaries, one-third were neutral, and the last third were Tories, loyal to the British.
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POLI 201 / Chapter 2 Professor Finocchiaro 3 Colonial American society can be broken down into five COLONIAL INTERESTS New England merchants distinct elements, each having its own interests and ideas regarding independence. 1. 2. Southern planters 3. Royalists (Tories) 4. Shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers 5. Small farmers PRINCIPLE OF POLITICS #1: All political behavior has a purpose. Actors make INSTRUMENTAL CHOICES about how to act. Those Americans who owed their social positions or wealth to royal appointments or other relationships with the British tended to be TORIES. PRINCIPLE OF POLITICS #2:
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poli201_lec2(constructing a govt) - POLI 201 / Chapter 2...

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