2010-09-16 -- Historiography II (1)

2010-09-16 -- Historiography II (1) - Historiography II:...

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Unformatted text preview: Historiography II: Postmodernism and its Discontents September 16, 2010 History 300 University of South Carolina Theories of Society Hegelian, Marxian Dialectics History as class synthesis or class struggle Marxian progression Class conflict as framework for broad surveys Sigmund Freuds Psychoanalysis Psychohistory History as sum of biographies Emile Durkheims Structural-Functionalism How actions serve to maintain a societys norms Theories of Society Structuralism Claude Lvi-Strauss, Anthropological/Literary tools adopted by historians A societys rules and works can be interpreted to reveal how members of that society reconcile (rather than discard) incompatible ideas and understandings Jacques Derridas post-structuralism Pomo Postmodernism: rejection of Truth No higher or absolute truths You cant make universal judgments Most models of society make these judgments Whats wrong with the old models? Theyre productive BUT, they cannot be disentangled from norms and ideals of the societies that produced them (those norms and ideals tend to be arbitrary and fetishized) Michel Foucault (1926-1984) French philosopher (also considered an historian, sociologist, literary expert, psychologist, etc) Major influences: (see theories of society) Especially structuralism Marquis de Sade, utilitarian philosophy, existentialism, leftist politics Definitive rejection of notions of Truth and Justice Everythings constructed Everything boils down to power Justice vs Power (1971)...
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2010-09-16 -- Historiography II (1) - Historiography II:...

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