Lecture_20-Anticonvulsants - Definition: anticonvulsants -...

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Definition: anticonvulsants - drugs used to prevent or treat convulsions (seizures). Definition Anticonvulsants are a class of drugs indicated for the treatment of various types of seizures associated with seizure disorders such as epilepsy , a neurological dysfunction in which excessive surges of electrical energy are emitted in the brain, and other disorders. Some anticonvulsants are indicated for other medical uses. Some hydantoins , such as phenytoin , are also used as skeletal muscle relaxants and antineuralgics in the treatment of neurogenic pain . Some anticonvulsants and antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are used in psychiatry for the treatment of bipolar disorders (manic-depression). Purpose Although there is no cure for the disorder, anticonvulsants are often effective in controlling the seizures associated with epilepsy. The precise mechanisms by which many anticonvulsants work are unknown, and different sub-classes of anticonvulsants are thought to exert their therapeutic effects in diverse ways. Some anticonvulsants are thought to generally depress
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course PHB 110 taught by Professor Shrank during the Spring '11 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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Lecture_20-Anticonvulsants - Definition: anticonvulsants -...

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