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2_Prisons - Prisons Chapters 14 15 History Structure...

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History, Structure, Programs, & Trends Prisons
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Review: Theories of Punishment Retribution Deterrence (Specific and General) Incapacitation Rehabilitation Restorative Justice
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Historical Development  Pre-Enlightenment Views (before 1700s) Penitentiary Era (1790-1825) (Walnut Street Jail) Auburn Era (1825-1876) Reformatory Era (1876-1890) Industrial Era (1890-1935) Early Progressive Era (1925-1945) The Medical Model Era (1945-1967) Community-Based Era (1967-1980) Modern Era (1980-Present) (War on Drugs; Just Deserts; Incapacitation)
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Crime Rate by Type, 1988-2006
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What Are They In For? In state prisons: 49% are violent criminals 19% are property criminals 20% drug law violators In federal prisons: 61% are drug law violators
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South Carolina Prison Population
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South Carolina  24,000 in S.C. Prisons (jails not included) 59% have no HS diploma/GED 74% read below 12 th grade level 52% read below 9
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2_Prisons - Prisons Chapters 14 15 History Structure...

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