3_theories_of_crime.SHORT...9

3_theories_of_crime.SHORT...9 - THEORIES OF CRIME An...

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THEORIES OF CRIME An Introduction to Criminology
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Individual Writing Assignment Why do people commit crime ? You may want to consider the following: Are criminals born or made? What influences a person to a life of crime? How can we predict who will commit crime? How can we prevent individuals from becoming (or continuing to be) criminal?
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Some Facts The age-crime curve The gender gap Racial disparity Crime waves
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A BRIEF HISTORY OF CRIMINOLOGY Pre-Enlightenment View Classical School The Positivists The Critical Theories
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Caesare Beccaria On Crimes and Punishments (1764)
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Classical School/Deterrence Theory People act to maximize pleasure, and minimize pain Law should therefore impose the right amount of pain so as to outweigh the pleasure of a criminal act Deterrence is composed of SEVERITY, CELERITY (SWIFTNESS), AND CERTINATY of punishment
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Biological Theories Cesare Lombroso, The Criminal Man (1876) Criminals are less- evolved humans Stigmata are signs of the criminal
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Lombroso’s Criminal Types
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course CRJU 101 taught by Professor Clement during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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3_theories_of_crime.SHORT...9 - THEORIES OF CRIME An...

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