CRJU.101__Outline.1__1.13.09

CRJU.101__Outline.1__1.13.09 - CRJU 101: American Criminal...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: CRJU 101: American Criminal Justice System Outline for Unit 1: Chapters 1-4 CRJU 101 Outline Part 1 1 CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION I. The Criminal Justice System A. Three interdependent branches: 1. Police 2. Courts 3. Corrections B. Criminal Justice compared to related areas 1. CJ refers to these three branches 2. Criminology Edwin Sutherlands definition: the study of the making of laws, the breaking of laws, and societys reaction to the breaking of laws. Its the scientific study of the causes of crime, rates, punishment and rehabilitation, and crime prevention. 3. Law a. (Substantive) Criminal Law b. Criminal Procedure C. A Brief History 1. Courts since Moses, dungeons for some time, but prisons as primary form of punishment really only since around 1800, military guard for some time, but the modern police force only since 1800s. 2. The study of Criminal Justice D. A System or Non-System? CRJU 101 Outline Part 1 2 II. Two Models of Criminal Justice A key theme A. Due Process B. Crime Control CHAPTER 2GENERAL ASPECTS OF CRIMINAL LAW; THEORIES OF CRIME I. The Nature of Crime A. What is Law? 1. What is Law? 2. What Purposes Do Laws Serve? 3. Where Does Law Come From? B. What is Crime? 1. Crime as a Social Construct o society comes to view certain behavior as unacceptable or taboo; maybe those socially taboo things sometimes become the object of criminal sanction [but not all deviant behavior is criminal] o Deviance o Absolutism, relativism 2. Crime as a Violation of Natural Law o Natural Law-- the body of principles and rules, imposed upon individuals by some power higher than man-made law, that are considered to be uniquely fitting for and binding on any community of rational beings. (box, p.31) 3. Crime as a Legal Construct CRJU 101 Outline Part 1 3 o Crime is a law against some bad act . Two important terms: Mala in se Mala prohibita o Tappans definition: Crime is an intentional act or omission in violation of criminal law (statutory and case law), committed without defense or justification, and sanctioned by the state as a felony or misdemeanor. II. Types of Law [Inciardi pp.46-47] A. Criminal Law 1. Substantive a. Felonies b. Misdemeanors 2. Procedural B. Civil Law C. Statutory Law D. Administrative E. Case Law III. Criminal Law A. Guilty Act (actus reus) must actviolate some statute thoughts alone are not enough B. Guilty Mind (mens rea) you must have the required bad intent; accidents arent crimes o intentional o reckless o negligent C. Concurrence/Causation CRJU 101 Outline Part 1 4 Concurrence: Examples: A on the way to murder B, has intent, actually kills B when B negligently runs out in front of A. A didnt shoot B like he intended. No concurrence....
View Full Document

Page1 / 20

CRJU.101__Outline.1__1.13.09 - CRJU 101: American Criminal...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online