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H102LectureNotes2 - United Provinces/Dutch Republic –...

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Absolutism and the Balance of Power Absolutist States: *Divine Right of Kings* - France – Louis XIV – Versailles ‘system’; control of press, religion, politics - Prussia – Frederick I – Junkers (nobles); main focus on army - Habsburg Empire {Austria} – Leopold I – limited absolutism - Russia – Peter the Great – St. Petersburg; huge socio- political changes – new bureaucratic, absolutist order (serfs oppressed) Non-absolutist states: England – Glorious Revolution (1688); Bill of Rights (1689)
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Unformatted text preview: United Provinces/Dutch Republic – commercial oligarchy Balance of Power: *Dynastic Struggles – ‘Cabinet’ Wars*-War of Spanish Succession (1702-13) – Grand Alliance vs. Louis XIV – Peace of Utrecht (1714)-War of Austrian Succession (1740-48) – Prussia vs. Austria, France vs. England – Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748)-Seven Years War (1756-63) – France, Austria, Russia vs. Prussia; England vs. France - Treaty of Hubertusburg (1763); Treaty of Paris (1763)...
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