Chapters 8 and 9 for posting

Chapters 8 and 9 for posting - Click to edit Master...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style Language and Intelligence The Essentials: What Makes Language Language? Language production Generative Language comprehension The Four Aspects of Language Aspects of Language: Phonology The structure of sounds that can be used to produce words in a language Phonemes Basic building blocks of speech sounds Humans can produce about 100 Different languages use different phonemes French soft r s do not exist in English Japanese has no r s at all Aspects of Language: Syntax The rules for combining different types of words in sentences Aspects of Language: Syntax Aphasia: a disruption of language due to brain damage Brocas aphasia Wernickes aphasia Aspects of Language: Semantics The meaning of a word or sentence Morphemes Smallest units of meaning in a language Propositional representations Mental sentences that represent the unambiguous meaning of assertions Aspects of Language: Pragmatics The way that language conveys meaning indirectly, by implying rather than asserting Is your mommy home? Yes The basis of metaphors and some humor Language Development Language Development Overextension Underextension Kitty Kitty Animal Kitty Language Development Enriching Environments Hart & Risley (1995/2002, 1999) Studied children of professionals, working-class parents, and families receiving welfare Vocabulary size at age 3 1100 Children of professionals 750 Children of working-class 500 Children of parents on welfare Language Development Grammar The rules that are used to build acceptable sentences Telegraphic speech Go sleep. Give juice. Overregularization errors Errors in which newly learned rules are misapplied Examples: runned, foots, goed Language Development Biological Basis Phases of language acquisition Critical and sensitive periods Cases of feral children There appears to be a critical period for grammar acquisition There may not be a critical period for language comprehension Is there a language gene?...
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Chapters 8 and 9 for posting - Click to edit Master...

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