Chapter 6 for posting

Chapter 6 for posting - Learning A relatively permanent...

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Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience l Psychologists are interested in both the content of learning and the process l Types l Classical conditioning l Operant conditioning l Cognitive and social learning
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Classical Conditioning: Examples l Sound of a dentist’s drill: sweaty palms l Sight of significant other: smiling l Smell of a certain beverage: nausea l Noise of a can opener: cat comes running How does this  happen?
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Classical Conditioning l Discovered (accidentally) by Ivan Pavlov l Components l Unconditioned Stimulus (US) l Unconditioned Response (UR) l Conditioned Stimulus (CS) l Conditioned Response (CR)
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Pavlov’s Observation l Studied digestion in dogs l Presented meat powder and measured salivation l Dogs started salivating before food was presented l Why?
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Pavlov’s Experiment: Phase 1 l Food (US): salivation (UR) l Reflexive response l Tone: nothing
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Pavlov’s Experiment: Phase 2 l CS is repeatedly paired with the US l A tone is sounded before the food is presented l Acquisition
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Pavlov’s Experiment: Phase 3 l Eventually, the CS elicits a new CR l Classical conditioning is complete when hearing the tone by itself causes salivation
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Chapter 6 for posting - Learning A relatively permanent...

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