Chapter 6 for posting

Chapter 6 for posting - Learning A relatively permanent...

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Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience Psychologists are interested in both the content of learning and the process Types Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Cognitive and social learning
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Classical Conditioning: Examples Sound of a dentist’s drill: sweaty palms Sight of significant other: smiling Smell of a certain beverage: nausea Noise of a can opener: cat comes running How does this happen? How does this happen?
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Classical Conditioning Discovered (accidentally) by Ivan Pavlov Components Unconditioned Stimulus (US) Unconditioned Response (UR) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR)
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Pavlov’s Observation Studied digestion in dogs Presented meat powder and measured salivation Dogs started salivating before food was presented Why?
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Pavlov’s Experiment: Phase 1 Food (US): salivation (UR) Reflexive response Tone: nothing
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Pavlov’s Experiment: Phase 2 CS is repeatedly paired with the US A tone is sounded before the food is presented Acquisition
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Pavlov’s Experiment: Phase 3 Eventually, the CS elicits a new CR Classical conditioning is complete when hearing the tone by itself causes salivation
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Chapter 6 for posting - Learning A relatively permanent...

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