Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders Click to...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders 11
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 Defining Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorders Mental processes and/or behavior patterns that cause: n Emotional distress n Substantial impairment in functioning Is the person legally responsible for his or her acts? n The term “insanity” is not used by mental health professionals n It is a legal term used by the courts Mass murderer Jeffrey Dahmer was ruled legally responsible, but his behaviors were clearly abnormal 22
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 The Four Ds Deviance Distress Dysfunction Danger 33
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 Classifying Psychological Disorders n Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) First published in 1952 DSM IV-TR published in 2000 300 specific disorders listed along with criteria to make a diagnosis Used by therapists, researchers, mental health workers, and insurance companies Common language between professionals Multidimensional diagnostic system 1. Clinical Disorders 2. Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation 44
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 55
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 Perspectives on Psychological Disorders n Biological Underlying physical disorders cause mental disorders Structural, brain biochemical, genetic, or infection n Biopsychosocial Combination of biological, psychological, and social causes n Psychodynamic Stem from early childhood experiences and unresolved, unconscious sexual or aggressive conflicts n Learning Abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are learned and sustained 66
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 Prevalence of Psychological Disorders n Psychological disorders are more common than many physical ailments In the U.S., less than 1% of adults are diagnosed with cancer n 30% will be diagnosed with cancer at some time in their life 22% are diagnosed with a mental disorder of some kind n 50% will be diagnosed with a disorder at some time in their life 77
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 Prevalence of Psychological Disorders People in the U.S. who suffer from psychological disorders during their lifetimes: n Any psychological disorder: 46% n Any anxiety disorder: 29% n Any mood disorder: 21% n Any substance abuse / dependence: 15% 88
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 Prevalence of Psychological Disorders 99
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorders Psychological disorders characterized by frequent fearful thoughts about what might happen in the future 1010
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6/2/11 Copyright © 2011 Anxiety Disorders n Panic Attacks An episode of overwhelming anxiety, fear, or terror n About 2% of men and 5% of women in the U.S. Symptoms include:
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Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders Click to...

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