Chapter 1 research - Chapter 1 Methods of Research Click to...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/2/11 Chapter 1 Methods of Research
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6/2/11 Evaluating Research n Goal: equip students with tools needed to evaluate claims based on psychological research n Critical thinking The process of objectively evaluating claims, propositions, and conclusions to determine whether they follow logically from the evidence presented Independent thinking n Not automatically accepting what is read or heard Suspension of judgment n Gathering relevant information on all sides prior to taking a position Willingness to modify or abandon prior judgments
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6/2/11 Descriptive Research Methods n Research methods that yield descriptions of behavior n Naturalistic observation Researchers observe and record behavior in its natural setting with out influencing or controlling it Limitations n Observer bias Expectations influence observations or interpretations n Must wait for behaviors to occur n Laboratory observation Behavior studied in a laboratory setting allowing more control and use of precise instruments
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6/2/11 Descriptive Research Methods n The Case Study A single person or a small number of individuals are studied in great depth Usually done over an extended period of time Uses observations, interviews, or psychological testing Limitations: n Causes of behavior difficult to establish n Observer bias n Applicability to larger groups or different cultures questionable
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6/2/11 Descriptive Research Methods n Survey Research Interviews or questionnaires are used to gather information about attitudes, beliefs, experiences, or behaviors of a group of people Population n Entire group of interest to researchers to which they wish to generalize their findings Sample n
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