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Chapter 1 - Structure & Organization of Police Upload

Chapter 1 - Structure & Organization of Police...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 1: Structure & Organization of Policing Organization Structure & Organization of Police Structure Because of a tradition of local political Because control, American policing is highly fragmented & decentralized fragmented Organization is based on geographical & Organization political structure of government political 3 Broad Types of Policing Broad public police private police citizen-police Bounty Hunters H.R. 2621 – “Bounty Hunter Responsibility Act of 2005” Responsibility Addresses whether they should be: » allowed employment if they have a felony conviction » required to complete a State-approved basic required certification course certification » required to complete a handgun training course » required to submit to a fingerprint-based criminal required background background Proponents Proponents Without bounty hunters » _______________________________ » _______________________________ It’s mostly “freelance” bounty hunters that It’s cause occasional problems cause » ______________________________ Authority given by Supreme Court ruling Authority Taylor v. Taintor in 1872 Taylor Opponents Opponents Bounty hunting system antiquated Developed a few years after Civil War » US relatively unpopulated » West was just starting to be settled w/ little LE » City police were inadequate, ill-equipped, & poorly City trained trained » Little cooperation between jurisdictions & Little communication was poor communication » There was no FBI with cross-jurisdictional authority » Not subject to the same restrictions on tactics that Not public police are public Number of LEAs & Officers in U.S. Number How many law enforcement agencies? How many full time sworn officers? How Number of LEAs & LEOs in U.S. Number How many law enforcement agencies? » ≈ ___________ ___________ » In 2004 In _________ state & local agencies _____ Federal agencies Total = ______________ How many full time sworn officers? How » ≈ ____________ ____________ » _________ state & local officers (> 1 million ‘employees’) (> _________ _________ federal _________ Total = __________ Homeland Security Act of 2002 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Department created in Nov. 2002 created » llegislation transferred all or part of 22 existing egislation agencies to DHS, e.g.: agencies Secret Service Federal Protective Service Customs Service Border Patrol Immigration and Naturalization Service Coast Guard Transportation Security Administration Homeland Security Agencies & Functions Homeland Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) prepares the nation for hazards, Federal manages Federal response and recovery efforts following any national incident. manages Transportation Security Administration (TSA) protects the nation's transportation Transportation systems. U.S. Customs and Border Protection protects our nation’s borders to prevent U.S. terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States. terrorists Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) identifies & remedies vulnerabilities Immigration in the nation’s border, economic, transportation and infrastructure security. in U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services is responsible for the administration of U.S. immigration and naturalization adjudication functions and establishing immigration services policies and priorities. U.S. Coast Guard protects the public, the environment, and U.S. economic U.S. interests—in the nation’s ports and waterways, along the coast, on international waters, or in any maritime region as required to support national security. waters, U.S. Secret Service protects the President and other high-level officials and U.S. investigates counterfeiting and other financial crimes, including financial institution fraud, identity theft, computer fraud; and computer-based attacks on financial, banking, and telecommunications infrastructure. financial, Federal Protective Service (FPS) provides law enforcement and security services Federal to all federally owned and leased facilities. Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) provides training to law Federal enforcement professionals to help them fulfill their responsibilities safely and proficiently. State & Local Agencies State What are state LEAs? » State police (n = ) » Highway patrol (n = ) » State investigative agencies (e.g., SLED) What Are Local LEAs? What Everything else not federal or state. For Everything example… example… » » » » _____________ police departments _____________ police departments _____________ offices _____________ State Law Enforcement Agencies State (Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics) 69% were patrol officers, 11% investigators 17 employed 1,000 or more FT sworn officers 4 of the largest, 2004 » » » » ___________ Highway Patrol - 7,085 FT sworn ___________ Police – 4,667 ___________ State Police - 4,200 ___________ Department of Public Safety - 3,437 Which state does not have a primary or general Which service state LEA? service Local Police Local (source: Bureau of Justice Statistics) 12,766 general purpose local police 12,766 departments, 2004 departments, Largest Municipal Agency? Largest Agency New York City PD Chicago PD Los Angeles PD Philadelphia PD Houston PD DC Metro PD Full-time S worn 36,118 13,129 9,099 6,832 5,092 3,800 Local LEAs with County-Wide Jurisdictions ___________ offices ___________ (n = 3,067) (n ___________ offices (n ≈ 513) ___________ (n ___________ departments (n = 56) ___________ (n » Essentially municipal police that operate on Essentially a county-wide basis county-wide County Sheriff - 5 Largest Agencies County (source: Bureau of Justice Statistics) Some Interesting Facts about Sheriffs’ Offices? Typically are “county” sheriffs Some states do not have county or city Some sheriffs sheriffs Departments of Public Safety (local) Departments Special Jurisdiction Police Special Constables Constables Consolidated & Regional Police Tribal Police ...
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