KIN 2500 Test 1

KIN 2500 Test 1 - Test 1 In t roduction Organization of the...

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Test 1 Introduction Organization of the Human Body Chemical - atoms, combine in variable ways to form molecules Cellular -molecules arranged into specific patterns or forms to form the cellular level Tissue - cells form tissue, collection of similar cells that perform a common function Organs - various tissues make up organs, stomach as example System Level - made up of different organs, very different functions that come together for one purpose Organismic Level - systems combine to make an organism Systems Integument system - skin, don’t need to know Skeletal system - how bones are formed, osseous tissue, beginning as cartilage, bone markings (file), function (protects the body), bones of the body Muscle system - muscles of the body, structure of muscle, function (produce motion), microstructure Nervous system - nerve cells, spinal cord, brain, function to respond to stimuli, formulate and produce response Cardiovascular system - heart and lungs, structure, how they are formed, blood vessel system, function to carry nutrients to all parts of the body Urinary system - kidneys, filters blood, gets rid of waste Respiratory system - bring in oxygen form the atmosphere, lungs Anatomical Names - Become familiar with the anatomical names*
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- Remember the anatomical name for the posterior leg is sural not crural (this is the anterior part of the leg) - Be aware of anatomical position Planes of the Body - Frontal plane- separates anterior and posterior, can be transient (not fixed)* - Transverse plane- superior and inferior, transient* - Midsagittal plane- right and left, lateral medial, fixed, cannot move, equally divides body* - Parasagittal plane- separates the body into a right and left side, transient, parallel to the midsagittal plane - Oblique plane- lies on an angle to all of the others, will never see again Directional Terms - Proximal/distal- refer to a structure relative to the midpoint of the body (closer-proximal, away-distal) used commonly with the extremities, shoulder is proximal to the elbow - Superior/inferior- refer to closeness to the head, used for the trunk of the body, head is superior to the lung - Lateral/Medial-refer to closeness to the midline of the body, closer to the midline is medial - Definition slide** o Anterior/posterior Toward the front/ toward the back o Ipsilateral/contralateral/bilateral Same side/opposite sides/on both sides o Superficial/deep Toward the surface/away from the surface o Parietal/visceral Pertaining to the outer wall of body cavity/ pertaining to the covering of an organ (more deep)
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Membranes - Serous- lines a body cavity that is not open to the external environment o Lung slide- pleural cavity, all serous membranes have parietal and visceral layers Parietal pleura- more superficial On the outside Visceral pleura- more deep Actually lies on the organ o Always separated by a space - Mucous- lines a body cavity that open to the external environment o Eyes, mouth, nose Cavities of the Body -
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KIN 2500 Test 1 - Test 1 In t roduction Organization of the...

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