KIN 3513 Exam 1

KIN 3513 Exam 1 - CHAPTER1 TheClassificationofMotorskills

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CHAPTER 1 The Classification of Motor skills Motor Control/Learning/Development    o Is about functions o The coordination and activation of muscular, skeletal, and neurological functions to produce  movements. Motor Learning o Is about changes o The process of changes due to practice or experience leading to improvements  in motor skills  in terms of accuracy, speed, and movement smoothness.  Motor Development o Is about age related changes and functions o Human developmental issues related to either Motor Control or Motor Learning.  Why Classify Motor Skills?  It provides you with a basis for establishing generalizations or principles about how we learn motor  skills Enables you to develop theories about skill performance and learning Establishes guidelines for instructors, coaches, therapists about how to develop effective strategies to  enhance motor skill learning  What is a motor skill?  Characteristics: o Action goal  o Performed voluntarily o Requires movement of body, head, and/or limb(s) to achieve the action goal  Action versus movements  Actions o Goal-directed activities that involve body, head and/or limb movements o Examples Walking Throwing Catching o Measures
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Distance Time  Movements o What body, head and/or limb segments do when an action is performed o Can vary across performance and/or individuals for the same action o Measures Kinematics Kinetics Movements  Movements are the component parts Can vary across actions A variation of movements can be used to achieve the same action goal  Why distinguish actions and movements?  Three reasons: o People initially learn actions o People adapt movements to achieve the goal of an action o Actions and movements are evaluated with different types of measures (Chapter 2).  The Classification of Motor skills  What are the differences? What are the similarities? What factors affect performance? Classification systems One- and two-dimensions Task and Performance perspective One dimensional systems  Execution oriented o Gross motor skills vs Fine motor skills Gross motor skill: large muscles Fine motor skill: small muscles One dimensional systems  Task organization o Discrete vs Continuous Discrete: defined beginning and end Continuous: no defined beginning or end
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Serial skill: a group of discrete skills strung together, order is critical One dimensional Importance of Motor and Cognitive elements o Motor vs Cognitive Motor: The determinant of success is the quality of the movement/action.
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course KIN 3513 taught by Professor Porter during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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KIN 3513 Exam 1 - CHAPTER1 TheClassificationofMotorskills

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