PSYC 3082 Test 1 Notes

PSYC 3082 Test 1 Notes - Chapter 1 Tuesday, September 04,...

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Chapter 1 Tuesday, September 04, 2007 10:19 PM Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context Myths and Misconceptions About Abnormal Behavior 1. No Single Definition of Psychological Abnormality 2. No Single Definition of Psychological Normality 3. What is a Psychological Disorder - impair person’s ability to perform and behave (emotional discomfort) 4. Psychological Dysfunction (disorder) -> typically causes distressed and impairment culturally unexpected Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning 5. Personal Distress (emotional) Difficulty performing appropriate and expected roles Impairment is set in the context of a person’s background 6. Atypical or Not Culturally Expected Response Reaction is outside cultural norms Cultures norms vary Cognitive -> way person thinks Hallucinations are normal in some cultures Does not always cause distress because someone is upset (distress), does not mean they have a physical disorder Must take situations in context -> think of circumstances - age, condition 7. Abnormal Behavior Defined 8. A Psychological Dysfunction Associated With Distress or Impairment in Functioning That is not a Typical or Culturally Expected Response 9. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) - all mental disorders and criteria DSM Contains Diagnostic Criteria 10.Psychopathology is the Scientific Study of Psychological Disorders 11. The Science of Psychopathology 12.Mental Health Professionals The Ph.D.’s: Clinical and counseling psychologists - some can prescribe medicine; use more therapy -> talking, behavioral, counseling; 5-7 years after Bachelor's Degree The Psy.D.’s: Clinical and counseling “Doctors of Psychology” M.D.’s: Psychiatrists - medical school and residency; prescribe medicine and may send to therapy; do most medicine (only prescribe) M.S.W.’s: Psychiatric and non-psychiatric social workers - master in social work; 2-3 years after degree MN/MSN’s: Psychiatric nurses 13.United by the Scientist-Practitioner Framework - all trained by scientific method 14. The Scientist-Practitioner - SCIENTIFIC METHOD 15.Producers of Research - research development of disorders; treatment and what is affective and not affective 16.Consumers of Research - development and symptoms of mental disorders 17.Evaluators of Their Work Using Empirical Methods Find what is effective and not effective
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Evaluate effectiveness of our own work 18. Dimensions of the Scientist-Practitioner Model (cont.) Figure 1.3 Three major categories make up the study and discussion of psychological disorders: clinical description, etiology (causation), and treatment Onset: Acute - sudden (day or 2) Insidious - gradual (worsen over time) 19. Clinical Description - why patient is there, symptoms, what's wrong, what you say is presenting problem (not necessarily diagnosis) - "critical complaint" 20.Begins with the Presenting Problem 21.Description Aims to
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PSYC 3082 Test 1 Notes - Chapter 1 Tuesday, September 04,...

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