PSYC 3082 Test 2 Notes

PSYC 3082 Test 2 Notes - Chapter 4 cont. Wednesday, October...

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Chapter 4 cont. Wednesday, October 10, 2007 6:08 PM Chapter 4 cont. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): An Overview 1. Overview and Defining Features Must be an external event that occurs that the person is exposed to that results in extreme fear and panic and feelings of horror and serious injury or fear of dying in this event -> traumatic experience (war, attacked, rape, sexual or physical abuse) o Example: car accident, hurricane Katrina, September 11th, abuse -> key is that is traumatic to the person experiencing it Criteria one: Requires exposure to an event resulting in extreme fear, helplessness, or horror Criteria two: Person continues to re-experience the event (e.g., memories, nightmares, flashbacks) o Intrusive memories - unwanted memories that can appear at any time o PTSD cant control the memories -> they come whenever Example: nightmares depicting or mimic the event, vivid flashbacks May trigger a flashback and they are watching a video in there mind over and over again -> described as a video without pause or stop -> smell can alert this War and sex are most common Criteria three: Avoidance of cues that serve as reminders of the traumatic event o Example: smell (physical abuse or sexual trauma -> cologne), movies Criteria four: Emotional numbing and interpersonal problems are common. Anger, depression, detached PTSD: Chronic worry, cant sleep, exaggerated startle response (frequently jumpy) Avoid cues or reminders of the event, may avoid talking about it, may be emotional numbing or memory loss because of the event. Hyper arrousal- what Is it? Difference? o Hyper vigilance (constantly on guard or on the lookout for dange), flashbacks, startle responses, & intrusive thoughts Markedly interferes with one's ability to function, maintain relationships, maintain jobs, perform academically in school. PTSD diagnosis cannot be made earlier than 1 month post-trauma. There is accute stress disorder which is diagnosed earlier. Wasn’t called PTSD until not long after WWII. Because in addition to physical injuries, came back with unidentified symptoms. “shell shock.” 2. Statistics Combat and sexual assault are the most common traumas About 7.8% of the general population meet criteria for PTSD Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Causes and Associated Features 3. Subtypes and Associated Features of PTSD Acute PTSD - May be diagnosed 1-3 months post trauma Chronic PTSD - Diagnosed after 3 months post trauma Delayed onset PTSD - Onset of symptoms 6 months or more post trauma Acute stress disorder - Diagnosis of PTSD immediately post-trauma o Between 0-1 month o Same diagnostic criteria o Symptoms go into remission after several months on their own 4. Causes of PTSD Intensity of the trauma and one's reaction to it (i.e., true trauma) Uncontrollability and unpredictability -> more likely to develop PTSD o
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course PSYC 3082 taught by Professor Knapp during the Spring '09 term at LSU.

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PSYC 3082 Test 2 Notes - Chapter 4 cont. Wednesday, October...

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