PSYC 3082 Test 2 Study Guide

PSYC 3082 Test 2 - Psychology 3082 Abnormal Psychology Bryan J Gros Ph.D Test 2 Review 50 questions multiple-choice Chapters 4(OCD and PTSD only 5

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Psychology 3082: Abnormal Psychology Bryan J. Gros, Ph.D. Test 2 Review- - 50 questions, multiple-choice Chapters 4 (OCD and PTSD only) 5, 6, 8, 9 Be prepared to put symptoms of the disorders we covered to use with regard to case descriptions. Knowing the symptoms/main criteria will help PTSD – Post Traumatic Stress Disorder o Symptoms Chronic worry, inability to sleep, exaggerated startle response, hyper arousal, and hyper vigilance o Criteria Criteria 1: Requires exposure to an event resulting in extreme fear, helplessness, or horror (during the event and after) Criteria 2: Person continues to re-experience the event (e.g.: intrusive memories, nightmares, night terrors, flashbacks) Criteria 3: Avoidance of cues that serve as reminders of the traumatic event Criteria 4: Emotional numbing and interpersonal problems are common. Anger, depression, detachment, etc… o Subtypes Acute PTSD: Diagnosed 1-3 months post-trauma Chronic PTSD: Diagnosed after 3 months post-trauma Delayed onset PTSD: Onset of symptoms 6 months or more post-trauma o Similar Disorders Acute Stress Disorder Diagnosed immediately after trauma (0-1 month) Same symptoms as PTSD Symptoms go into remission on their own after several months o Contributing Factors to Development Intensity of trauma Uncontrollability and unpredictability Extent of social support (or lack thereof) Direct conditioning and observational learning o Treatment Cognitive-Behavior Therapies (highly effective) Anxiety Medications OCD o Defining Features ( Must have one or the other; usually both ) Obsessions: intrusive and nonsensical thoughts, images, or urges that one tries to resist or eliminate; irrational and unwanted Compulsions: thoughts or actions to suppress the thoughts and provide relief o Contributing Factors to Development Parallel to other anxiety disorders Early life experiences and learning that some thoughts are dangerous/unacceptable Thought-action fusion – Tendency to view the thought (mental behavior) as similar to the action o Treatment Approaches Medical Treatment Luvox SSRIs Psychosurgery (in extreme cases) Non-Medical Treatment Combining medication with CBT does not work as well as CBT alone. Somatization Disorders – related to one’s body or the perceptions of one’s body or health ( Medical condition must be ruled out) o Hypochondriasis Strong disease conviction convinced they have a disease (not concerned about developing a disease)
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Medical reassurance does not help Causes Cognitive perceptual distortions – misinterpret bodily sensations of minor illness as threatening Family history of illness (People in family have developed serious illness before) Treatment Not easily treated; focus on changing misinterpretations
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course PSYC 3082 taught by Professor Knapp during the Spring '09 term at LSU.

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PSYC 3082 Test 2 - Psychology 3082 Abnormal Psychology Bryan J Gros Ph.D Test 2 Review 50 questions multiple-choice Chapters 4(OCD and PTSD only 5

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