Study Guide – Film Production
The following is based mostly on Barsam Chapter 11, but some content has been added.
rent films from major distribution companies like “The Big Six”: Warner Bros.,
Paramount, Disney/Buena Vista, Columbia, 20
Century Fox, and Universal, as well as other
smaller companies like Sony Pictures, Dreamworks (owned by S. Spielberg and others),
Columbia Tri-Star, New Line Cinema, Lions Gate Studios, Miramax, Touchstone, and
Hollywood Pictures (the last five owned by Disney). Independent producers must distribute their
films through the big six if they want large audiences. Taken together, these major studios now
comprise what we call “Hollywood.”
Film Industry Figures
In 2001 Hollywood released 482 feature films, shown on 36, 754 screens across
the USA, yielding a gross revenue of $8.4 billion.
The industry employed 259,000 people in production. 67% of these films were
Average film cost today: $50 million + $30 mil for marketing.
$840,000 (ca. $10 mil today). James Cameron’s
(1997) was made at a cost
of $200 million.
As Barsam mentions, investors care about profit first, art second, so it is