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Reli. Notes 2 - o Eschatology Solution to problem of evil...

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Monotheists: how to attribute suffering to God? o God is omnipotent (all powerful) o God is wholly good (most important to religious people) o Evil exists o All three of the above are hard to reconcile together Moral evil: o Evil that humans are responsible for (e.g. murder) Natural evil: o Evil stemming from the earth (e.g. earthquakes) Theodicy: o Theos (God) and dice (justification) o Effort to explain God’s purposes for causing pain and suffering The logical argument: o Says there is a fundamental contradiction between the 3 God statements The evidential argument: o The volume of evil in the world shows that God cannot exist Solutions: o Atheism: there is no God o Agnosticism: we simply don’t and can’t know if there is a God
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Unformatted text preview: o Eschatology: Solution to problem of evil involves altering propositions 1 and 3 In future, after death, all will be rectified o Irenaeus of Lyon: Humans are born into world and placed into challenging place to grow into the race God wants us to be o Augustine of Hippo: At beginning humanity was created perfectly Original sin created evil in the world • Life after death: answer to many problems, many perspectives o There is no continuation of our existence (gene pool, memories) o “Eternal life” addresses a quality of life (relationships, morality) o We’re all absorbed in cosmic unity o Reincarnation cycle o Individuated/ “personal” life after death...
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