Env - Chapter1: 4 Describe the steps in the scientific...

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Chapter 1:  Text Practice Quiz Questions  4. Describe the steps in the scientific method. - The steps involved in following a scientific method are as follows -: Observe- gathering information and resources through observation. Propose a hypothesis or a testable explanation. Develop a test of hypothesis and predict the result that would indicate that your hypothesis was correct. Gather the required data from the tests. Interpret the results. 8. Distinguish between utilitarian conservation and biocentric preservation. Name two environmental leaders associated with each of these philosophies. - The term utilitarian conservation refers to using all the resources available in a careful manner. This means that the resources should be used for the greatest good, for the greatest numbers and for the longest period of time. The two environmental leaders associated with this philosophy were Teddy Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot. - The term biocentric preservation refers to the belief that all living organisms, and nature as a whole, have an inalienable right to life. That each organism should live and let live, and pursue their own interests. Two environmental leaders associated with this philosophy were John Muir and Aldo Leopold. 11. Describe some signs of hope in overcoming global environmental problems. - Some signs that suggest that there are signs on hope in overcoming environmental problems are-: People around the globe, who depend on seafood for their livelihood, are finding that setting aside marine reserves can restore fish population and promote human development. Such projects are also sustainable , economically viable and socially acceptable. Thus Marine parks and reserves are being established to protect reproductive areas in various parts of the world. Population of the world has greatly stabilised as a result of low fertility rate among women in general, leading to reduced pollution and curbing of wastage of resources. Incidence of life threatening diseases around the world have greatly
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reduced as a result of improved water and sanitary conditions, leading to an increase in average life expectancy around the world. Deforestation has decreased considerably around the world, leading to a dramatic progress in biodiversity protection. Encouraging progress has been made in a transition to renewable resources, leading to reduced environmental damage. The increased speed at which information and technology now flow around the world holds promise that we can continue to find solutions to our environmental dilemmas. Discussion Questions. 4. Does the world have enough resources for 8 or 10 billion people to live decent, secure, happy, fulfilling lives? What do those terms mean to you? Try to imagine what they mean to others in our global village. -The world does hold enough resources to fulfil the basic needs of each
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Env - Chapter1: 4 Describe the steps in the scientific...

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