envw2 - Week2Assignment2 Chapter4:,5and8. 4 Why do some...

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Week 2 Assignment 2 Chapter 4: Text Practice Quiz Questions 4, 5 and 8. Discussion Questions 1 and 6. 4. Why do some economists consider human resources more important than natural resources in determining a country’s future? - Human resource contains immense importance and plays a fundamental role in the development of a country, skilled and trained human resource is necessary for proper utilization of natural resources since human resource is an active ingredient while natural resource is passive in a way of development. Natural resources benefit only the few people who extract and export them. Basically you trade natural resources for food, and there is no other economic activity. Human capital means you have many skilled workers, who earn a lot of money for themselves, as well as provide more & better goods for the rest of consumers and higher income for investors, which in turn attracts foreign capital and technology, and leads to even more growth. 5. In which regions of the world will most population growth occur during the twenty-first century? What conditions contribute to rapid population growth in these locations? - At the present time, we are seeing the greatest population growth in Asia, but whether this will continue over the course of the next 90 years, we really do not know. There are many factors, environmental, political, economic, and technological, which can affect that outcome and which we cannot predict. 8. What is the dependency ratio, and how might it affect the United States in the future. - Dependency ratio is a measure of the portion of a population which is composed of dependents (people who are too young or too old to work). The dependency ratio is equal to the number of individuals aged below 15 or above 64 divided by the number of individuals aged 15 to 64, expressed as a percentage. A rising dependency ratio is a concern in many countries that are facing an aging population, since it becomes difficult for pension and social security systems to provide for a significantly older, non-working population. 1. Suppose that you were head of a family planning agency in India. How would you design a scientific study to determine the effectiveness of different
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approaches to population stabilization? How would you account for factors such as culture, religion, education, and economics? - The simplest method to use would be just common statistics and desired targets as goals. Usually effectiveness is evaluated by comparing desired effects with reality, and percentage deviation is called efficiency. From economic perspective culture and religion actually doesn't matter, they usually work as factors which are slowing down development. More important factor for economists (within given list) is education because it trains human capital directly thus improving production resources. 6. In chapter 3, we discussed carrying capacities. What do you think the
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envw2 - Week2Assignment2 Chapter4:,5and8. 4 Why do some...

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