term 1 presocratics - PreSocratics: WARRIOR ETHOS Mythos...

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Pre-Socratics WARRIOR ETHOS Mythos Logos Story Science Who-Why What- How Speech Writing THALES, ANAXIMENES PYTHAGORAS, ANAXIMANDER Minoan, Mycenaean’s and the Greeks: The archaic AGE The pre-Socratic’s developed the nature of the physical world! Parmenides: world is single non moving object Empedocles: everything is animate in earth, water , air Sophists : elements /matter point of existence Pythagoras: man is the measure of all things ( mathematical ) Socrates : psyche = soul “ virtue of knowledge” and goodness Plato : Fountain head of western philosophy ( concept of the psyche and theory of remembrance Hippocrates: farther of medicine ( rejected the supernatural explanation for diseases) Thales : arche of water : liquid.soild.gas …endures time ( imperialist) Anaximander : APEIRON( without limits) what seems logical you can deduce with truth ( RATIONALIST –beyond seeing ) Herachclitis: “cannot step into the same river twice”. Being is an illusion , everything = becoming
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ILIAD: HOMER “The Wrath of Achilles is my theme…” Theme: the wrath/ Hubris of Achilles and his tragic downfall - vengeance - selfishness KEY CONCEPTS Loss of honour and therefore glory timê =honour = physical expression of honour = geras “booty, gifts, a prize” kleos= glory “what other people say about you” paradoxical nature of kleos = immortal fame is gained by death moria = FATE , FORTUNE AND DESTINY - as an share or portion : everyone has an shared portion of moria which we must keep ration of , ( HOW TO SPEND LIFE) ( the share that you have) in the prime of glory ? “Dying young at your peek “or in the grandeur of time? WARRIOR ETHOS! FOR ACHILIES (dies in the heat of glory in battle to avenge his friend / army) seems a bit rash????? Arché Origin Source Ruler Start MONARCHE One king ANARCHY A = non Origin Theory of arche is sorted in types of assumed and objective beliefs
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What the Pre-Socratic’s KNEW! - Arche - Form Teacher of PLATO - first philosopher to give us : PHILOSOPHICAL STRUCTURE SYSTEM Interested in what something is ………. What is beauty? What is Virtue? What is good? i. QUESTIONING????? No real answers… UNTILL….you reach a wall. Barrier in your Questioning called >>> APORIA ** ii. From Aporia: we understand that we don’t fully Comprehend the true meaning of simple things [i.e: what make a circle a circle, but what is a True circle and have we actually ever seen one? THIS IS CALLED SOCRATIC IGNORANCE ^^^^ (Enlightenment) iii. From this point you grow …. . Knowledge = beyond appearance or opinion Intrinsic: aspects of right or wrong (1+1 = 2)??? BEING
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course PHILOSOP 1150E taught by Professor Lofts during the Fall '10 term at Kings University College.

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term 1 presocratics - PreSocratics: WARRIOR ETHOS Mythos...

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