(Note) - How to Use General Model with Case Exam

(Note) - How to Use General Model with Case Exam - HOW TO...

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HOW TO USE A GENERAL MODEL GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION The purpose of government intervention is to bring about a change or modification in the behaviour of society or certain sectors of society. Government intervention can be seen as a “love and hate” relationship between government and business. On the one hand, it can be a “love” relationship when governments provide for the lowering or the elimination of taxes, privatization, deregulation, redistributive policies, such as grants, loans, subsidies, etc. It can also be a “hate” relationship when governments regulate, interfere or intrude on how businesses behave and its activities. Governments have at their disposal a variety of policy instruments, including taxation policies, statutory laws, monetary and other fiscal policies, etc. So, this becomes the way in which governments establish change on society or certain sectors of society. The expectation is the society will change because of government interventionist policies. The Model of Government Intervention examines the decision(s) that elected and non-elected public policy makers have made. A problem or issue or demand has been studied. All studies have been completed and the decision(s) have been made. So, this is not the opportunity to send the public policy makers back to the decision making process for further studies and discussion. Examine the goals and the interventions as a public policy statement. First, look for the reason why government is intervening. What was/were the problem(s) that government sought to remedy? EXAMPLE: THE PROBLEM: Traffic congestion. Most of us can readily identify with traffic congestion on the streets and expressways of cities. There are too many automobiles on the roads. Traffic contributes to smog, poor air quality, air pollution, accidents and the costs of construction and maintaining roads. Commuters spending increasingly more time driving and coping with stress and frustration. This can potentially be linked to loss in productivity. The electorate and ratepayers of the city and surrounding communities have articulated to public policy makers their displeasure with transportation issues. There have been innumerable meetings, public forums, representations from a variety of interest groups in the community, studies, cost-benefit analyses, etc. And now, the public policy makers have made a decision. HOW TO USE THE DIRECT – INDIRECT DIMENSIONS OF GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION Theoretically, every intervention must have a goal(s). So, first look for the goal(s) of government intervention(s). The goal(s) will assist in determining whether an intervention is DIRECT or INDIRECT. EXAMPLE: GOAL: TO ELIMINATE TRAFFIC CONGESTION.
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DIRECT GOVERNMENT INTERVETION: TO BAN ALL AUTOMOBILES FROM THE CITY DURING WEEKDAYS DURING RUSH HOUR, EFFECTIVE MAY 1, 2002. This government intervention is DIRECT because there is the government action
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(Note) - How to Use General Model with Case Exam - HOW TO...

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