3 Braitenberg - Nature, nurture, and levels of organization...

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2/2/11 1 Barriers to integration “Levels of analysis chauvinism” - reiFcation of biology and culture (Japanese macaque example) Confusion of ultimate with proximate explanations - Nominal fallacy: a description becomes an explanation (attachment example) - usually teleological 1 Attachment and embodied cognition Traditional: attachment caused by “internal working model” - executive controller of behavior 2 Braitenberg: “Vehicles” • “Law of uphill analysis and downhill invention” • Small, simple changes can yield dramatic differences in behavior
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2/2/11 2 Braitenberg: “Vehicles” Braitenberg: “Vehicles”
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2/2/11 3 light oxygen heat organic light oxygen heat organic light oxygen oxygen organic organic organic light heat heat
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2/2/11 4 10 warmth odor movement texture sound shape color Operational defnition Counterbalancing
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Unformatted text preview: Nature, nurture, and levels of organization 12 2/2/11 5 Defnitions oF innate Your thoughts Congenital : present at birth Criteria For predetermined : Chronotypy : fxed sequence oF development Heritability (a pop measure): behavior must vary with populations Coupling oF sender and receiver (when studying communication systems) 13 Examples From species recognition Nipple-seeking in rat pups: a strong role oF experience 14 Acoustic recognition in crickets Evidence of coupling, heritablility hybrid hybrid T. oceanicus T. commodus 2/2/11 6 Shift in Flial preferences in rats 16 Day 15: shift in sensory control from thermal to olfactory Chronotypic but mediated by thermotactile stimulation...
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3 Braitenberg - Nature, nurture, and levels of organization...

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