10 early cog dev

10 early cog dev - 5 Challenges of locomotor niche •...

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3/7/11 1 1 Action and understanding • Infant takes active role in driving own developmental processes • Motor development does not exist in a vacuum –Motor changes inFuence and are inFuenced by cognitive and social development • Locomotion inFuences perceptual development 2 Action and understanding • Held (1965) kitten carousel experiment • Raised in darkness • IV: active or passive movement • DV: performance on visual cliff • Only active movers showed depth perception 3 How does depth perception and peripheral vision emerge in humans? • Traditional view: predetermined • New evidence (Campos) 4 Prelocomotor - locomotor niches • New postures (sitting, crawling, walking) bring new challenges for perception and cognition • Activity-dependent developmental processes –Crawling and depth perception (Adolph, Campos research) • New social challenge –“emotional refueling” and stranger anxiety
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Unformatted text preview: 5 Challenges of locomotor niche • Assessing new terrain: “risky slope” research –What does an infant need to know? –How is the necessary information acquired? • Context-dependent reorganization of motor patterns: –Perception of slope –Growth = changing biomechanical constraints 6 Integrating motor and social development • When an infant is on a slope of unknown riskiness, will they look for and be inFuenced by social information? • Conditions: mom encouraging or discouraging 3/7/11 2 7 Early cognitive development • Piaget: learn about the world by acting on it and perceiving regularities • Ontogeny of numerosity –Do infants possess a sense of numbers? –Wynn (abstract logic) vs. ClearFeld (perception) • Use of numbers and counting –Ritual vs. understanding...
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course PSYCH 2090 taught by Professor Goldstein, m during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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10 early cog dev - 5 Challenges of locomotor niche •...

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