14 attachment - 3/16/11! Harlow! Attachment! An emotional...

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3/16/11 1 1 Attachment • An emotional bond most prominent in infants from 6-18 months of age, evidenced by separation anxiety • Explanations Freud : Caused by reduction of hunger drive (not substantiated, however, by research…) Erikson : Become attached to people who reliably attend to their needs and who otherwise foster a sense of trust Bowlby : Provides a balance between an infant ʼ s need for safety and varied learning experiences 2 Harlow • How to operationalize love? • Role of tactile, nutritive, and thermal stimulation? 3 Harlow • The cloth mother, which does not provide nourishment, acts as a secure base , whereas the wire mother, which does provide nourishment, does not • This contradicts drive-reduction theories of attachment (Freud) 4 Harlow: later developmental effects? • Although soothing tactile sensations provide a baby with a sense of security that is more important to the formation of attachment than food, they are not suf±cient • Social interactions seem to be
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course PSYCH 2090 taught by Professor Goldstein, m during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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14 attachment - 3/16/11! Harlow! Attachment! An emotional...

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