18 language - 4/18/11 1 Language Generative Meaning and...

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Unformatted text preview: 4/18/11 1 Language Generative Meaning and grammar semi-independent Complex grammatical system: syntax No eat! No eat! No eat! Word learning How do children learn names for things? What words go with what objects? The word learning problem Birth: 0 words 1st year: 10 words 2nd year: 300 words 9 new words per day (average from 19 mo.- 5 years) The problem of reference What words go with what objects? kitty train truck airplane ball duck frog boat dog chair juice book moon flower Gavagai! The gavagai problem Quine (1960) tail ear leg rabbit ground running furry 4/18/11 2 tail ear leg rabbit ground sky hill tree bush fence grass sun bird Gavagai! The problem of reference Too many meanings No meaning is clearly the right answer Developmentalists: word learning logically impossible How is word learning possible? Experimental analog to gavagai ArtiFcial noun learning task used on 13 month olds & older Results from 2 year olds...
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18 language - 4/18/11 1 Language Generative Meaning and...

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