Early childhood cog dev part 1

Early childhood cog dev part 1 - • Sensorimotor (birth -...

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4/19/11 1 Early childhood (2 - 6 years) 1. Characteristics of children’s thought 2. Physiological changes 3. Piaget 4. Domain-general accounts of cognitive development 5. Domain-speciFc accounts 1 Patterns of thinking Patchwork of competent and incompetent thought - mixture of sound logic, magical thinking Is inconsistency due to varying familiarity with tasks? Due to characteristics of underlying biological substrates? Physiological growth After 3rd birthday, rate of growth slows to 2 - 3 inches/ year Walking pattern matures: - plantigrade gait - improved balance: walks with hands at sides Improvements in Fne motor skills Neural changes Brain maturation: - 2 years: 50% adult weight - 6 years: 90% adult weight Ongoing myelination in frontal cortex, hippocampus Piaget Constructivist: Knowledge is built from action Method: interviewed children to assess their cognitive capacities Development is stagelike Piaget’s stages of cognitive development
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Unformatted text preview: • Sensorimotor (birth - 2 years):-thinking based on physical activity • Preoperational (2 - 6): -overcoming limitations to logical thinking by keeping all aspects of a problem in mind • Concrete operational (6 - 12):-logical operations to combine, separate, and transform information 4/19/11 2 Piaget’s stages of cognitive development • Formal operational (12 - 19 years):-Systematic thinking about logical operations-interest in abstract ideas and the act of thinking Characteristics of preoperational thought • Egocentrism • Confusion of appearance and reality • Precausal reasoning Egocentrism • Dif±culty in seeing the world from another’s point of view • Examples:-Lack of spatial perspective taking • “three mountain” experiment-Egocentric speech • gives too little info to listener who cannot see objects • e.g. “take this”...
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course PSYCH 2090 taught by Professor Goldstein, m during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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Early childhood cog dev part 1 - • Sensorimotor (birth -...

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