Early childhood social dev pt2 - 5/3/11 Overview Who am I?...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
5/3/11 1 Overview Who am I? Identity formation Creating relationships (Gleason paper) Moral development and self-regulation Interacting with others: development of aggression and prosocial behavior 1 Social learning (Bandura) Social identiFcation through observation and imitation of adults and older siblings (Rust) - examples? Adults and siblings provide models for children to imitate Adults shape children’s gender-typical behavior - differential reinforcement: tend to reward sex-appropriate behavior - tend not to reward (sometimes punish) cross-sex behavior 2 Sex-role identity formation as a cognitive process (Kohlberg) Emphasizes active role of child results from child’s structuring of his/her experience (contrast with social learning theory) 3 Three stages of sex-role identity formation (Kohlberg) Basic sex-role identity : - by 3 years, child can label him/herself as a boy or girl Sex-role stability : - by 4 - 6 years, understand that sex roles are stable over the lifetime Sex-role constancy : - Gain understanding that outward appearance (e.g. long hair) does not alter underlying gender 4 Gender schema theory Multiple mechanisms: - observation, imitation, schema formation schema is a mental model used to organize information about something (organize multiple behavioral scripts) Explains selective attention, memory effects 5
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course PSYCH 2090 taught by Professor Goldstein, m during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Page1 / 4

Early childhood social dev pt2 - 5/3/11 Overview Who am I?...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online