10 - Turned to farms and orphanages for child labor...

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10/22/10 Turned to farms and orphanages for child labor Invention of steam engine- England blessed with timber Early 18 century wood exhausted so makes move to coal- leads to greater need of coal, must dig deeper and deeper mines- hit water but needs to pump it out of mind- created steam engine to pump out water. James Watt perfects steam engine in 1773- revolutionizes technology and transportation- leads to rise of railroad. Wooden rails replaced with iron rails- need wheels to fit rails better to they tinker with them. Horses no longer need to pull carriages- use steam engine- cheaper, faster, more efficient. Opposite of whats going on in india and china More people able to work in factories so industry takes of- England 25% of world good, 50% iron steal coal and textiles for the world by 1850 they are on top. Prior to I.R. most people lived on countryside only 10% lived in city-1850- population living in cities 40% No City planning commission- random building of houses and roads
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Cities- Dark, dingy, disease ridden, many people living together- when people move to city they are my age- no longer going to church relaxation in morals. Number of birth out of wedlock inc. Kids work long (14 hours a day) Reforms cut hours back Laws requiring kids to go to school Unwelcomed because family needed income Debate over if live was better after IR. British had studies that revealed crappy working conditions IR sharpens distinction between class Shop owners between laborers Upper-middle VS. low middle White collar VS. Blue Between laborers-Skilled workers vs unskilled
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Russia Facing challenges Integrate themselves into west Forced or on their own? Peacfull or violent 19century- still absolutist Czars want no part of constitutional monarch Alexander Vs. opposition group Decembrists want constitutional monarchy- popular sovereignty- abolish serfdom- begins in 1816 (end of French revolution) Russia hears of this after soldiers helped in French revolution Alexander Dies- No heirs- Brother Constantine denounces thrown- Nicholas takes control
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Constantine in Poland so takes time until czar can come to power- Decembrists takes this time to stage a revolt Revolt occurs- military supports Constantine- don’t really like him but they want to show support for revolt Fails because no support from peasants People wondering how Nicholas will rule Created commission to study problems Overwhelmed by problems so shelves recommendation Says it’s too disruptive to society- turns back on Europe We don’t need change we have 3 things that make us awesome- Russian Orthodox Church Rule of the Czar
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course HST 204 taught by Professor Stark during the Fall '11 term at Grand Valley State.

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10 - Turned to farms and orphanages for child labor...

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