FAP5_Lecture_Ch03 - Chapter3...

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Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 3 Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. 1 Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Clinical Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment Clinical Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment
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Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 3 2 Clinical Assessment: How and Why  Clinical Assessment: How and Why  Does the Client Behave Abnormally? Does the Client Behave Abnormally? What is assessment? The collecting of relevant information in an effort  to reach a conclusion Clinical assessment is used to determine how and  why a person is behaving abnormally and how that  person may be helped Focus is idiographic – on an individual person Also may be used to evaluate treatment progress
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Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 3 3 Clinical Assessment: How and Why  Clinical Assessment: How and Why  Does the Client Behave Abnormally? Does the Client Behave Abnormally? The specific tools used in an assessment  depend on the clinician’s theoretical  orientation Hundreds of clinical assessment tools have  been developed and fall into three categories: Clinical interviews Tests Observations
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Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 3 4 Characteristics of Assessment Tools Characteristics of Assessment Tools To be useful, assessment tools must be  standardized and have clear reliability and  validity To standardize a technique is to set up common  steps to be followed whenever it is administered One must standardize administration, scoring, and  interpretation
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Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 3 5 Characteristics of Assessment Tools Characteristics of Assessment Tools Reliability refers to the consistency of a test A good test will yield the same results in the same situation Two main types: Test retest reliability To test for this type of reliability, a subject is tested on two different  occasions and the scores are correlated – the higher the correlation,  the greater the test’s reliability Interrater reliability Independent judges agree on how to score and interpret a particular  test
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Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 3 6 Characteristics of Assessment Tools Characteristics of Assessment Tools Validity refers to the accuracy of a test’s results A good test must accurately measure what it is supposed to  be measuring Three specific types: Face validity – a test appears to measure what it is supposed to  measure; does not necessarily indicate true validity
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