FAP5_Lecture_Ch04 - 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 4 Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Chapter 4 Chapter 4 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Disorders 2 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 4 Anxiety Anxiety What distinguishes fear from anxiety? Fear is a state of immediate alarm in response to a serious, known threat to ones well-being Anxiety is a state of alarm in response to a vague sense of threat or danger Both have the same physiological features: increase in respiration, perspiration, muscle tension, etc. 3 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 4 Anxiety Anxiety Is the fear/anxiety response useful/adaptive? Yes, when the fight or flight response is protective However, when it is triggered by inappropriate situations, or when it is too severe or long-lasting, this response can be disabling Can lead to the development of anxiety disorders 4 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 4 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Disorders Most common mental disorders in the U.S. In any given year, 18% of the adult population in the U.S. experiences one of the six DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders Only ~20% of these individuals seek treatment Most individuals with one anxiety disorder suffer from a second disorder, as well Anxiety disorders cost $42 billion each year in health care, lost wages, and lost productivity 5 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 4 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Disorders Six disorders: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) Phobias Panic disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Acute stress disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 6 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 4 Generalized Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) (GAD) Characterized by excessive anxiety under most circumstances and worry about practically anything Vague, intense concerns and fearfulness Often called free-floating anxiety Danger not a factor Symptoms include restlessness, easy fatigue, irritability, muscle tension, and/or sleep disturbance Symptoms last at least six months 7 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 4 8 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 4 Generalized Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) (GAD) The disorder is common in Western society Affects ~3% of the population in any given year and ~6% at sometime during their lives Usually first appears in childhood or adolescence Women are diagnosed more often than men by 2:1...
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Yanchus during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Southern University .

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FAP5_Lecture_Ch04 - 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal...

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