FAP5_Lecture_Eating%2520D-O

FAP5_Lecture_Eating%2520D-O - Comer, Fundamentals of...

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Unformatted text preview: Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 9 Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. 1 Chapter 9 Chapter 9 Eating Disorders Eating Disorders Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 9 2 Eating Disorders Eating Disorders Although not historically true, current Western beauty standards equate thinness with health and beauty Thinness has become a national obsession! There has been a rise in eating disorders in the past three decades Two main diagnoses: Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 9 3 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 9 4 Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa There are two main subtypes: Restricting type Lose weight by restricting bad foods, eventually restricting nearly all food Show almost no variability in diet Binge-eating/purging type Lose weight by vomiting after meals, abusing laxatives or diuretics, or engaging in excessive exercise Like those with bulimia nervosa, people with this subtype may engage in eating binges Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 9 5 Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa About 90%95% of cases occur in females The peak age of onset is between 14 and 18 years Between 0.5% and 2% of females in Western countries develop the disorder Many more display some symptoms Rates of anorexia nervosa are increasing in North America, Japan, and Europe Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 9 6 Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa The typical case: A normal to slightly overweight female has been on a diet Escalation to anorexia nervosa may follow a stressful event Separation of parents Move or life transition Experience of personal failure Most patients recover However, about 2% to 6% become seriously ill and die as a result of medical complications or suicide Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 9 7 Anorexia Nervosa: The Clinical Anorexia Nervosa: The Clinical Picture Picture The key goal for people with anorexia nervosa is becoming thin The driving motivation is fear: Of becoming obese Of giving in to the desire to eat Of losing control of body shape and weight Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 9 8 Anorexia Nervosa: The Clinical Anorexia Nervosa: The Clinical Picture Picture Despite their dietary restrictions, people with anorexia are preoccupied with food This includes thinking and reading about food and planning for meals This preoccupation may be the result of food...
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Yanchus during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Southern University .

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FAP5_Lecture_Eating%2520D-O - Comer, Fundamentals of...

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