FAP5_Lecture_Schizophrenia

FAP5_Lecture_Schizophrenia - Comer Fundamentals of Abnormal...

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Unformatted text preview: Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. 1 Chapter 12 Chapter 12 Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 2 Psychosis Psychosis Psychosis is a state defined by a loss of contact with reality The ability to perceive and respond to the environment is significantly disturbed; functioning is impaired Symptoms may include hallucinations (false sensory perceptions) and/or delusions (false beliefs) Psychosis may be substance-induced or caused by brain injury, but most psychoses appear in the form of schizophrenia Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 3 Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Schizophrenia affects approximately 1 in 100 people in the world About 2.5 million Americans currently have the disorder The financial and emotional costs are enormous One estimate is greater than $100 billion per year Sufferers have an increased risk of suicide and illness Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 4 Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Schizophrenia appears in all socioeconomic groups, but is found more frequently in the lower levels Leading theorists argue that the stress of poverty causes the disorder Other theorists argue that the disorder causes victims from higher social levels to fall to lower social levels and remain at lower levels This is called the “downward drift” theory Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 5 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 6 Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Equal numbers of men and women are diagnosed In men, symptoms begin earlier and are more severe Rates of diagnosis differ by marital status 3% of divorced or separated people 2% of single people 1% of married people It is unclear whether marital problems are a cause or a result Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 7 Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Rates of the disorder differ by ethnicity and race About 2% of African Americans are diagnosed compared with 1.4% of Caucasians The reason for these different rates is not clear Some theorists believe that the difference reflects diagnostic biases, economic factors, or both Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 8 The Clinical Picture of The Clinical Picture of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Schizophrenia produces many “clinical pictures” The symptoms, triggers, and course of schizophrenia vary greatly Some clinicians have argued that schizophrenia is actually a group of distinct disorders that share common features Comer,...
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Yanchus during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Southern University .

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FAP5_Lecture_Schizophrenia - Comer Fundamentals of Abnormal...

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