2005_campbl05b

2005_campbl05b - Polymers, Monomers, and Lipids Saturated &...

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1 Chapter 5b: The Structure and Function of Macromolecules (Lipids) Polymers, Monomers, and Lipids nucleotides polynucleic acids amino acids proteins polypeptides monosaccharides carbohydrates polysaccharide monomer category of biomolecules polymer ± Lipid monomers are less persistent than the above monomers ± Consequently, lipids are less-readily described using the same polymeric terms (other than triacylglycerides, we’ll ignore lipid synthesis) Lipids posses numerous C-H bonds (i.e., they are very hydrocarbon-like) Various Lipids Fat Fatty acid Palmitic acid Triglyceride Saturated fatty acid Unsaturated fatty acid Monounsaturated fatty acid “Trans fatty acid” Polyunsaturated fatty acid Stearic acid Oleic acid Oil Phospholipid Phosphatidylcholine Steroid Cholesterol Triacylglycerol Steroid hormone Sex hormone Testosterone Waxes Lard Omega-3-fatty acids Free fatty acids “Butter” “Margarine” Olive oil Flax seed oil “Toasted Sesame oil” Bile salts “Vegetable shortening”
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2011 for the course BIO 113 taught by Professor Swenson during the Spring '08 term at Ohio State.

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2005_campbl05b - Polymers, Monomers, and Lipids Saturated &...

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