2005_campbl05d

2005_campbl05d - Bigger word, smaller structure Smaller...

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1 Chapter 5d: The Structure and Function of Macromolecules (Nucleic Acids) Polymers, Monomers, and Lipids nucleotides polynucleic acids amino acids proteins polypeptides monosaccharides carbohydrates polysaccharide monomer category of biomolecules polymer ± Nucleic-acid monomers consist of three components: a sugar, a nitrogenous base, and phosphate ± Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) vs. Ribonucleic acid (RNA) Central Dogma Nucleic acid Lipid Protein Nucleic acid Nucleic acid Nucleic acid + protein Nucleic acid DNA and RNA Note DNA and RNA This is basically the level at which you will learn this ribose deoxyribose Note the lack of a 2’ OH
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2 Adenosine Monophosphate Nucleotide Nucleoside Monophosphate Adenosine Monophosphate DNA or RNA? AMP, ADP, ATP Note Carbon Pi is Attached to 5’ Carbon Nitrogenous Bases
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Unformatted text preview: Bigger word, smaller structure Smaller word, bigger structure DNA and RNA No need to know structures, but do know where on the sugar they attach as well as which are purines and which are pyrimidines 3 Sugar-Phosphate Backbone Note Phosphodiester linkage P i-5 4 3 Base Pairing Note that the resulting strand complemen tarity does not mean that the two strands have the same sequence DNA and RNA Note that T pairs with A (T:A) and C pairs with G (G:C) Twisting into Helix Note how the two strands are anti-parallel to each other Base Pairing & Double Helix Replicating DNA Relative Sizes Biomolecules E. coli 2000 nm = 2 m = 0.002 mm 4 The End...
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2005_campbl05d - Bigger word, smaller structure Smaller...

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