2005_campbl05d

2005_campbl05d - 5 Carbon Nitrogenous Bases Bigger word,...

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Chapter 5d: The Structure and Function of Macromolecules (Nucleic Acids)
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Polymers, Monomers, and Lipids polymer category of biomolecules monomer polysaccharide carbohydrates monosaccharides polypeptides proteins amino acids polynucleic acids nucleotides Nucleic-acid monomers consist of three components: a sugar, a nitrogenous base, and phosphate Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) vs. Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
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Central Dogma Nucleic acid Lipid Protein Nucleic acid Nucleic acid Nucleic acid + protein Nucleic acid
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DNA and RNA Note
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DNA and RNA This is basically the level at which you will learn this
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ribose deoxyribose Note the lack of a 2’ OH
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Adenosine Monophosphate Nucleotide Nucleoside Monophosphate Adenosine Monophosphate
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Adenosine Monophosphate DNA or RNA?
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AMP, ADP, ATP
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Note Carbon Pi is Attached to
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Unformatted text preview: 5 Carbon Nitrogenous Bases Bigger word, smaller structure Smaller word, bigger structure DNA and RNA No need to know structures, but do know where on the sugar they attach as well as which are purines and which are pyrimidines Sugar-Phosphate Backbone Note Phosphodiester linkage Pi-5-4-3-Pi-5-4-3-Pi-5-4-3-Pi Base Pairing Note that the resulting strand complemen tarity does not mean that the two strands have the same sequence DNA and RNA Note that T pairs with A (T:A) and C pairs with G (G:C) Twisting into Helix Note how the two strands are anti-parallel to each other Base Pairing & Double Helix Replicating DNA Relative Sizes Biomolecules E. coli 2000 nm = 2 m = 0.002 mm The End...
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2011 for the course BIO 113 taught by Professor Swenson during the Spring '08 term at Ohio State.

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2005_campbl05d - 5 Carbon Nitrogenous Bases Bigger word,...

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