campbl04 - Hydrocarbons are Carbon Chemistry Simpler But...

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Carbon Chemistry But only Hydrocarbon Derivatives are Abundant in Life Hydrocarbons are Simpler
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Carbon—Valence = 4
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Representation: Ethane
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Linear Alkanes: Branching Creates Structural Isomers: Structural Isomers = Same Formula, Different Structure “Methyl Propane” = “Isobutane”
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Note that these all the above are different molecules These molecules also all have different formulas.
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You need to break bonds to convert Fumerate to Maleate Geometric Isomers A A B B A B B A Geometric Isomers vary about Double Bonds Geometric Isomers have same structure but different Geometry! These really are different molecules There is no Rotation about Double Bonds
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Enantiomers Chiral Carbons have four different groups around them and give rise to Enantiomeric Pairs. Enantiomers: Same Geometry, Different Spatial Arrangment
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Hydrophilic Functional Groups
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Carbonyl Groups
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Carboxylic Acid Ionization Not Ionized Ionized (salt) -ic acid e.g., acetic acid -ate e.g., acetate R-C=O | OH R-C=O + H+ | O -
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campbl04 - Hydrocarbons are Carbon Chemistry Simpler But...

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