campbl50 - Ecology"The scientific study of the interactions...

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Ecology "The scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environments is called ecology.“ "The trouble with ecology is that you never know where to start because everything affects everything else." Robert A. Heinlein (from Farmer in the Sky )
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Ecology "As an area of scientific study, ecology incorporates the hypothetico-deductive approach, using observations and experiments to test hypothetical explanations of ecological phenomena. . . . ecologists often face extraordinary challenges in their research because of the complexity of their questions, the diversity of their subjects, and the large expanses of time and space over which studies must often be conducted. Ecology is also challenging because of its multidisciplinary nature; ecological questions form a continuum with those from other areas of biology, including genetics, evolution, physiology, and behavior, as well as those from other sciences, such as chemistry, physics, geology, and meteorology." (p. 1061, Campbell, 1996)
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Hypothetico-Deductive
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Ecology "Ecology concerns itself with the interrelationships of living organisms, plant or animal, and their environments; these are studied with a view to discovering the principles which govern the relationships. That such principles exist is a basic assumption—and an act of faith—of the ecologist. His field of inquiry is no less wide than the totality of the living conditions of plants and animals under observation,
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