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equations_final

# equations_final - × 10 –24 g Mass of a neutron 1.00866...

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Standard Reduction Potentials Half Reaction E° (V) Cr 3+ (aq) + 3e Cr (s) –0.74 Na + (aq) + e Na (s) –2.71 Ag + (aq) + e Ag (s) +0.80 Fe 2+ (aq) + 2e Fe (s) –0.44 Fe 3+ (aq) + e Fe 2+ (s) +0.77 Cu 2+ (aq) + 2e Cu (s) +0.34 Zn 2+ (aq) + 2e Zn (s) –0.76 Ni 2+ (aq) + 2e Ni (s) –0.28 Pb 2+ (aq) + 2e Pb (s) –0.13 Sn 4+ (aq) + 2e Sn 2+ (aq) +0.15 Sn 2+ (aq) + 2e Sn (s) –0.14 Mn 2+ (aq) + 2e Mn (s) –1.18 2H + (aq) + 2e H 2 (g) +0.00 O 2 (g) + 4H + (aq) + 4e 2H 2 O (l) +1.23 Br 2 (l) + 2e 2Br (aq) +1.06 Cl 2 (g) + 2e 2Cl (aq) +1.36 BiO + (aq) + 2H + (aq) + 3 e Bi (s) + H 2 O +0.32 Spectrochemical Series Weak Field I < Br < Cl < F < H2O < NH3 < en < NO 2– < CN < CO Strong Field Ligands Ligands

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Physical Constants & Conversion Factors Planck’s constant h = 6.626 × 10 -34 J-s Speed of light c = 2.998 × 10 8 m/s Gas constant R = 8.314 J/K-mol Faraday’s constant
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Unformatted text preview: × 10 –24 g Mass of a neutron 1.00866 amu = 1.67493 × 10 –24 g 1 Å = 10 pm = 1 × 10-10 m 1 eV = 1.602 × 10-19 J 1 A = 1 C/s Approximate Wavelengths and Energies of the Visible Spectrum Violet 400-425 nm 3.10 - 2.92 eV Blue 425-492 nm 2.92 - 2.52 eV Green 492-575 nm 2.52 - 2.15 eV Yellow 575-585 nm 2.15 - 2.12 eV Orange 585-647 nm 2.12 - 1.92 eV Red 647-700 nm 1.92 - 1.77 eV Equations E = hc/ λ = {(6.626 x 10-34 J-s)(2.998 x 108 m/s)}/ λ Δ G = Δ H - T Δ S Δ Gº rxn = Σ n Δ G º f (products) - Σ m Δ G º f (reactants) Δ G = Δ Gº + RT ln(Q) K eq = exp[-Δ Gº/RT] Δ G = –nFEº λ = 2d sin θ E = Eº - (RT/nF) ln(Q) E = Eº - (0.0592/n) log(Q) at T=298 K ln (N t /N ) = -kt k = 0.693/t 1/2 E = mc 2...
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equations_final - × 10 –24 g Mass of a neutron 1.00866...

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