Study Guide for Test 2 Environmental Ethics

Study Guide for Test 2 Environmental Ethics - benefit...

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Study Guide for Test 2 Environmental Ethics Terms: ‘interests’ ‘good of its own’ sentient anthropocentric ecocentric speciesism biocentric egalitarianism intrinsic/instrumental holistic ethics deep ecology/shallow ecology social ecology axiology Leopold’s biotic pyramid prescriptive/normative Taylor’s three part theory: attitude of respect for nature, biocentric outlook Rolston’s objective intrinsic value objective/subjective value Bookchin – zoologization of human beings; hierarchies Deontological, utilitarian Ideas and themes: Focus on individuals v. species; environmental fascism Denial of human superiority Properties held by human beings/animals/land/species/etc. that may justify moral considerability; enlarging the boundaries of community Relationship among anthropocentric approach, instrumental values, cost-
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Unformatted text preview: benefit analyses, utilitarian ethics Relationship among non-anthropocentric approach, intrinsic value, deontological ethics Things to think about: Importance of value theory in environmental ethics pros and cons of each approach as a foundation for a successful environmental ethic who has the best argument? Who has the most practical argument? position of human beings in relation to environment in different theories differences between having interests and having rights differences between having a good of its own and having rights can having legal rights ensure environmental rights? does a successful environmental theory need to be rights-based? who has to buy in to an environmental ethic to make it work? Is that possible?...
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